There are a number of important things that students can learn in a UX degree program. These include learning how to design user interfaces, how to conduct user research, how to create prototypes, and how to user test.
Each of these skills is important in its own right, and together they provide a well-rounded grounding in UX design principles and practices. UI design, for instance, is all about creating interfaces that are both effective and appealing to users. User research is essential in understanding the needs and wants of users, and in turn, designing interfaces that meet those needs. Prototyping allows designers to test their ideas and get feedback from users before investing too much time and resources into a particular design. And finally, user testing helps to ensure that the finished product is actually usable and effective.
So, while there are many important things that students can learn in a UX degree program, these four skills are essential in becoming a successful UX designer.